Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quotation Stems
Sentence Stems to Refer to Research
Using evidence to support your ideas means you will have to be careful to avoid accidentally plagiarizing from any sources you’re using.
That means you’ll need to cite information you use. There are two basic ways you could do this.
refer to author first + share evidence
share evidence + refer to author’s name
Download a PDF version of the sentence stems to refer to research shown below.
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Quotation “Stems”
When writing using evidence you might need to summarize, paraphrase, or quote short sections of text.
A sentence stem can help you pull the evidence out of a piece of text so it can go into your writing.
Download the PDF version of the paraphrase,summarize,quote stems shown below.
Transition Words and Phrases
Transition words and phrases help an essayist make the writing flow, providing the reader with smooth reading. An essay without transition words and phrases can give the reader whiplash, jerking him/her from one point to the next.
You can download the list of transition words I’ve compiled and categorized shown below by clicking HERE.
Or you can choose your transition words wisely from the lists below.
|as soon as||of course|
|as a ______||oh, sure|
|at the same time||on the one hand|
|at this point||on the other side|
|fortunately||questions: When? How? Where?|
|in any case||somehow|
|in other words||soon|
|in the meantime||then|
|it is clear that ______||therefore|